C&F (Cost and Freight) - Seller owns goods until they are loaded on vessel; selling price includes all costs so far plus cost of freight. The buyer is responsible for insurance.
C.I.F. (Cost, Insurance and Freight.) - Seller owns goods until they are loaded on vessel; selling price includes cost of goods, insurance, and freight.
CL (Carload; also Containerload) - A shipment that fully occupies the space available in a railcar or cargo-carrying container.
CARGO - Goods merchandise or commodities of every description which may be carried aboard a vessel, in consideration of the freight charged; does not include provisions and stores for use on board.
CARNET - A customs document permitting the holder to carry or send merchandise temporarily into certain foreign countries (for display, demonstration, or similar purposes) without paying duties or posting bonds.
CARRIAGE OF GOODS BY SEA ACT (C.O.G.S.A.) - A 1936 U.S. Statute that governs the acts that a carrier is responsible for and defines the terms used in shipping. The act provides that the shipowner’s liability will be limited to $500 per shipping package, and it stipulates a one-year time limit for filing suit against the carrier. This act automatically applies to international ocean movements but not to domestic ocean transits unless the carrier agrees to be bound by it.
CARRIER - Usually means Steamship Company, but can also refer to trucking company, airline, or railroad as transporter of cargo.
CERTIFICATE OF INSPECTION - A document often required with shipments of perishable or other goods, when certification notes the good condition of the merchandise immediately prior to shipment.